Category Archives: Collections Blog

Polyporus squamosus

Polyporus squamosus (Huds.) Fr. Phylum: Basidiomycota Class: Agaricomycetes Order: Polyporales Family: Polyporaceae Genus: Polyporus Species: squamosus   Polyporus squamosus, is a bracket fungus which is commonly found in North America, Australia, Asia and Europe. This polypore can be found on dead logs and living hardwoods. They can be either saprobic on decaying logs or parasitic […]

Lactifluus hygrophoroides

Lactifluus hygrophoroides (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Kuntze Formerly belonging to the Lactarius genus, this species was moved to Lactifluus subg. Lactifluus (autonymous) in 2012. L. hygrophoroides can be recognized via a velvety pale orange cap/stipe, white non-staining latex (as opposed to Lactarius volemus, which looks similar but stains brown), and spaced gills. The cap of this mushroom ranges from 3-10 cm, […]

Cantharellus cinnabarinus

Cantharellus cinnabarinus (Schwein.) Schwein.   The red chanterelle, native to eastern North America, has a wide distribution. Found scattered or alone in summer and fall, it is easily recognized by its flamingo pink to cinnabar red pigments and well-spaced decurrent false gills. This species contains multiple carotenoids, but the most prominent is canthaxanthin. This phytochemical is common […]

Suillus americanus

Suillus americanus (Peck) Snell, Chicken Fat Mushroom, PLP847_2018_351 S. americanus is a bolete found in eastern North American and is mycorrhizal with white pines, especially Pinus strobus. It was formerly called Boletus americanus Peck (1887), Ixocomus americanus (Peck) E.-J. Gilbert (1931), and Suillus americanus f. americanus (Peck) Snell (1944). This specimen cluster was located about […]

Pholiota squarrosa (Vahl) P. Kumm.

Phylum: Basidomycota Class: Agaricomycetes Order: Agaricales Family: Strophariacaea Genus: Pholiota Epithet: squarrosa Authority: (Vahl) P. Kumm. Collection #: PLP847_2018_172 Locale: Schoolcraft County, Michigan Pholiota squarrosa, known as the shaggy scalycap or shaggy Pholiota, is the type species for the genus Pholiota. The genus name is derived from the Greek word Pholis, meaning ‘a scale,’ and […]

Xylaria Polymorpha

Taxonomy Domain: Ascomycota Class: Sordariomycetes Order: Xylariales Family: Xylariaceae Genus: Xylaria Species: Polymorpha Xylaria Polymorpha(Persoon) is a saprobic ascomycete that is commonly known as deadman’s fingers(1). It is commonly found growing at the base of decaying hardwoods or beech trees. This species of Xylaria is very similar at first glance to Xylaria Longpipes, but can be distinguished by the absence […]

Phyllachora maydis

Phyllachora maydis (Maublanc) Ecology and Morphology: Phyllachora maydis (Maubl.) is an obligate parasite of Corn (Zea mays) that was reported in Michigan for the first time in 2016. The Phyllachora genus contains many tarspot causing fungi, but P. maydis is the only pathogen capable of causing tarspot on corn.  P. maydis is considered a new and […]

Hypomyces chrysospermus

Hypomyces chrysospermus (Tul. & C. Tul.) Ecology and Morphology: Hypomyces chrysospermus is a parasitic fungal species that primarily infects Bolete fungi. Numerous Boletes within a given area can be infected and appear completely white. H. chrysospermus completely covers infected mushrooms with floccose hyphae, causing them to appear completely white in its early infection. However, later […]

Bondarzewia berkeleyi

Bondarzewia berkeleyi (Fr.) Bondartsev & Singer, Berkley’s Polypore, PLP847_2018_128 B. berkeleyi has been historically classified as a polypore, but with the advent of molecular techniques, it was revealed to be more closely related to Russala than the polypores (Hibbett and Donoghue 1995). Previous names used for B. berkeleyi have included: Polyporus berkeleyi Fr. (1851), Grifola […]

Claviceps purpurea

Claviceps purpurea (Fr.) Tul., Ergot Fungus, PLP847_2018_127 C. purpurea is a parasite of grasses in the subfamily Pooidae, and was found on Elymus repens in East Lansing, MI. C. purpurea produces dark purple to brown sclerotia which grow in infected ovarian tissue of the host grass. The fungus infects through the stigma and begins growing in […]

Phallus Ravenelii

Taxonomy: Phylum: Basidiomycota Class:Agaricomycetes Order: Phallales Family: Phallaceae Genus: Phallus Species: Ravenelii  Phallus Ravenelii (Berkeley & M.A. Curtis) is a saprobic basidiomycete of the genus Phallus that can be found growing in various habitats. The habitats in which it may be found range from areas such as lawns and gardens to woodchips and meadows. The […]

Leucocoprinus birnbaumii

Leucocoprinus birnbaumii (Corda) Singer (1962) is a common mushroom in flowerpots (Fig 1). It is a saprobe that colonizes rich organic material, including indoor flowerpots. The cap begins as an egg-shaped ball, which grows into a bell-shaped cap, often ornamented with scales. The bright yellow color makes this mushroom easily identifiable, but the cap will […]

Parasola auricoma

Parasola auricoma (Pat.) Redhead, Vilgalys & Hopple is a small, short-lived, fragile, saprobic mushroom that is common in woodlands, mulch, and grassy areas. This fungus was previously classified as Coprinus auricomus in 1886 by Narcisse Théophile Patouillard, but like many fungi, it has been reclassified due to the development of molecular techniques. In 2001, the […]

Ustilago maydis

Ustilago maydis (DeCandolle) Corda is a biotrophic pathogen of corn (Zea mays). It is called “common smut” of corn because it is quite common throughout North America, though it is more commonly found in dry conditions. Other Ustilago spp. cause smut on other plants, but U. maydis is the only species that causes smut on corn, […]

Hypomyces lactifluorum

Hypomyces lactifluorum (Schweinitz) Tulasne and C. Tulasne Ecology and Morphology: Hypomyces lactifluorum is a mycoparasite on select Lactarius and Russula species growing amidst both conifers and hardwoods and can most often be found in the summer and fall months. This fungus will completely cover its host with orange perithecia, giving it a rough, warty appearance […]

Exsudoporus frostii (J.L. Russell) Vizzini, Simonini & Gelardi

Exsudoporus frostii (J.L. Russell) Vizzini, Simonini & Gelardi (Basidiomycota, Boletaceae) is a conspicuous bolete found in broadleaf or mixed forest throughout the eastern United States. Mature fruiting bodies (summer and fall) produce notable blood-red to apple-red caps, deeply reticulated stalks and dark red pores that when fresh ooze golden droplets (Fig. 1).  The pileus is […]

Cladonia macilenta Hoff. (syn. C. bacillaris Nyl.)

Cladonia macilenta Hoff. (Ascomycota, Cladoniaceae) is a widely distributed fruticose lichen found primarily on dead wood and tree bases, but occasionally over soil and rocks (Fig. 1). The species has a twofold thallus. The primary thallus is squamulose (separate or overlapping scales). Light-brown, erect and stalk-like podetia (4 to 35 mm in length) arise from the […]

Collections Blog

Macroscopic (field photos) of fungus & habitat Species ID & Collection number Microscopic image (spores, any other key characters) Habitat description Phylogeny & taxonomy Macroscopic characters Microscopic characters  Chemical reactions Ecology Other notes Citations & Relevant literature 

Astraeus hygrometricus

Astraeus hygrometricus is commonly known as the hygroscopic earthstar or the false earthstar.   Ecology: Commonly found in open or disturbed areas in woodlands; scattered to gregarious. Fruits from late fall to mid-winter but persisting in good condition for up to a year.  Not edible. Distributed in America and Europe. Morphology Fruit body: 1–5cm broad, […]

Trametes hirsuta

  Ecology: Saprobic on the deadwood of hardwoods (very rarely reported on conifer wood); annual; causing a white rot; growing in clusters on logs and stumps; summer and fall; widely distributed across North America.   Morphology   Cap: Up to 10 cm across and 6 cm deep; semicircular, irregularly bracket-shaped, or kidney-shaped; often fusing laterally […]

Chlorophyllum rhacodes

  Ecology: Saprobic; typically growing in troops or fairy rings in disturbed-ground areas like roadsides, gardens, and the edges of fields. Often near conifers. C. rhacodes fruits in fall and it is widely distributed.   Morphology Cap: 5-20 cm; dry; convex to nearly round when young, becoming flat or very broadly bell-shaped; at first bald […]

Stropharia rugosoannulata

Stropharia rugosoannulata collected in Michigan State University gardens. Ecology and relevance to society: Saprobic, often growing scattered (sometimes in clusters) on wood chips, in gardens and in other cultivated areas. S. rugosoannulata fruits in spring through fall and it is widely distributed. The wine capped form is edible and good, however, edibility for the white form […]

Phallus rubicundus

  Kingdom: Fungi Division: Basidiomycota Class: Agaricomycetes Order: Phallales Family: Phallaceae Genus: Phallus Species: P. rubicundus   Phallus species are fungi commonly known as stinkhorn. They were first mentioned by a Dutch botanist Hadrianus Junius (1511–1575), in 1564. He wrote a short book describing them, and emphasized he was not convinced that the mushroom was a […]

Mortierella exigua

Zygomycetes are an interesting group of fungi that have recently undergone a large reclassification (Spatafora et al. 2016). They do not produce large fruiting bodies, so they are often overlooked by your average mushroom hunter. However, zygomycetes like the Mortierella spp. (Figure 1) are often well represented in soil assays of fungal diversity. They also grow […]

Entoloma abortivum

Entoloma abortivum (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Donk, also known as shrimp-of-the-woods, is mushroom in the family Entolomataceae (Figure 1). First described in 1859 as Agaracis abortivus by Berkeley and Curtis, E. abortivum has undergone many renamings over the years, though it still bears the name of the original describer today since its last renaming in 1949 by M.A. […]

Phallus impudicus

Kingdom: Fungi Division: Basidiomycota Class: Agaricomycetes Order: Phallales Family: Phallaceae Genus: Phallus Species: P. impudicus   Phallus impudicus is a fungus commonly known as stinkhorn. It was first described in 1597, by botanist John Gerard, in his book General History of Plants. Later, in 1753, Carl Linneus formally described this fungus, and named it exactly how […]

Podosphaera clandestina

Kingdom: Fungi Phylum: Ascomycota Class: Leotiomycetes Subclass: Leotiomycetidae Order: Erysiphales Family: Erysiphaceae Genus: Podosphaera Species: P. clandestina var.clandestina   Powdery mildew is a common disease of tart cherries (Prunus cerasus). It is caused by the ascomycete Podosphaera clandestina. This disease is characterized by a white mass of fungal growth on susceptible tissue. Much of this white […]

Gymnosporangium globosum

Kingdom: Fungi Phylum: Basidiomycota Class: Urediniomycetes Subclass: Incertae sedis Order: Uredinales Family: Pucciniaceae Genus: Gymnosporangium Species: G. globosum   Cedar-Hawthorn rust is a disease caused by a fungal pathogen called Gymnosporangium globosum, which has as hosts members of the genus juniperus, crataegus, malus, pyrus and amelanchier. This fungus requires two living hosts plants in order to […]

Physcia sp.

Physcia species are lichenized fungi belonging to the family Physciaceae. According to an estimate made in 2008, the genus contains about 70 species. At the macroscopic level, the thallus of these species can be foliose, small and adpressed, with a greenish-brown color that can coalesce to cover large areas. The lower surface is normally white […]

Bisporella citrina

Kingdom: Fungi Phylum: Ascomycota Class: Leotiomycetes Order: Helotiales Family: Helotiaceae Genus: Bisporella species: citrina Description: Bisporella citrina, otherwise known as “yellow fairy cups” is a saprobic species, part of the Ascomycota. It usually grows on wet decaying conifer logs, in large clusters, and has characteristic yellow to orange apothecia. The fruiting body (apothecia) is very […]

Calvatia gigantea

Kingdom: Fungi Phyla: Basidiomycota Class: Agaricomycetes Order: Agaricales Family: Agaricaceae Genus: Calvatia Species: C. gigantea Description: Calvatia gigantea known as a giant puffball can be easily identified by its giant size. Large hemispherical fruiting body is very similar to ball. It is one of the largest fungi in the world. The largest giant puffball weighted […]

Erysiphe alphitoides 

  Erysiphe alphitoides is a species of fungus which causes powdery mildew on oak trees. The fungus can be easily recognized trough the distinctive disease symptoms. It produces white powdery patches on shoots and buds of oaks. The disease progresses to form a felt-like, white mildew growth. Large portions of the plant, especially leaves, may […]

Cladonia cristatella

Kingdom: Fungi Phyla: Ascomycota Class: Lecanoromycetes Order: Lecanorales Family: Cladoniaceae Genus: Cladonia Species: C. cristatella     Description: Cladonia cristatella is very common and well-known lichen. It is found in most northeastern part of the USA and Canada. The little caps that on top of the lichen resemble the red hats that was worn during […]

Lyophyllum decastes

Kingdom: Fungi Phyla: Basidiomycota Class: Agaricomycetes Order: Agaricales Family: Lypohyllaceae Genus: Lyophyllum Species: L. decastes Description: Lyophyllum decastes usually known as the fried chicken mushroom. It is an edible species and in grows in clusters on disturbed ground areas. L. decastes was found in East Lansing in the wood chips and leaves. It was grown in […]

Daedaleopsis confragosa

These corky or leathery polypores can be differentiated by the configuration of their spore-proucing surface. In Daedaleopsis (derived from the Greek word Daedalus, meaning “maze”) the pores are usually long and sinuous or mazelike and have relatively few cross walls. However, the configuration varies considerably leading to confusions with numerous other polypores. The fruiting body […]

Stereum hirsutum

Stereum hirsutum is a hardwood-loving crust fungus that is often confused with Trametes versicolor (Turkey Tail). It is classified as: Basidiomycota > Agaricomycetes > Russulales > Stereaceae > Stereum > hirsutum. It develops medium-sized cap structures that often fuse laterally with one another. It is smaller and more frequently fused than S. ostrea, larger and less orange than S. […]

Monilinia vaccinii-corymbosi

Monilinia vaccinii-corymbosici, also known as the fungus causing mummy berry, replaces blueberry fruit with a fungal pseudosclerotium, causing massive crop loss. It is an ascomycete pathogen The earliest symptom is wilting of leaves. Newly-formed pinkish leaves turn rosy brown, and sometimes develop a sheperd’s crook or curl. There is a severe wilting of vegetative and […]

Tapinella atrotomentosa

Figure 1. A group of Tapinella atrotomentosa growing at the base of a conifer tree. (left) the cap color and size. (right) gills and brown folded margins. Tapinella atrotomentosa is a saprotroph of conifers belonging to the Boletales order. It is often confused with Paxillus, but the two genera have different ecology. Paxillus is ectomychorizal […]

Peziza michelii

Peziza michelii is a saprobic (maybe mycorrhizal) ascomycete. It was first described by Dennis et al. in British cup fungi and their allies: An introduction to the ascomycetes (pages 1-280) in 1960. It is classified into: Fungi > Ascomycota > Pezizomycotina > Pezizomycetes > Pezizomycetidae > Pezizaceae > Peziza > mechelii. It grows alone or in […]

Trametes pubescens

Trametes pubescens (Schumach.) Pilat (1939) is a small, thin polypore bracket fungus. It was first decribed by Danish mycologist Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher in 1803, and was originally called Boletus pubescens. It was moved to the genus Trametes in 1939 by Czech mycologist Albert Pilat. Tram- mens thin and pubescens is a reference to the fine downy hairs on teh […]

Ganoderma applanatum (Pers.) Pat.

Ganoderma applanatum, AKA the artist’s conk, is widespread through North America. These polypores are known for their white spore surface that turns brown with pressure, and many people (or nature lovers, including myself) have one hanging around the house as decoration. Figure 1: Discolored, very old, decorated conk of Ganoderma applanatum from Southwest Virginia. The original […]

Amanita muscaria (L.) Lam. (1783)

“Look! It’s a Mario mushroom!” Said every person who played any Mario game ever when observing an Amanita muscaria mushroom for the first time. Also known as the fly agaric, this mushroom has been detailed throughout human history and is arguably the most iconic mushroom in pop culture. The reason it is a popular mushroom, besides […]

Trametes versicolor (L.) Lloyd (1920)

Where do turkeys get their tails? They must have copied the fabulous turkey tail polypore! Trametes versicolor, which is better known as turkey tail, is a common, colorful saprophyte that can be seen around forests all over North America. This fungus is a saprophyte, meaning it gets its nourishment from dead tissue; in this case […]

Cyathus stercoreus

This birds nest fungi is also known as “Dung-loving Bird’s nest fungus”, although luckily this sample was found in mulch not dung. The species name stercoreus, translates to “filth” in latin. This saprobe is widely distributed in North America and commonly found on wood chips, organic debris, and dung. I found this specimen in mid-November […]

Puccinia striiformis f. Sp. tritici: Stripe Rust

This summer the wheat fields found in the southern end of MSU’s campus weren’t as green as usual. Stripe rust, Puccinia striiformis f. Sp. tritici had infected most of the plots leaving a yellow tinge to the field. This year stripe rust was much worse than usual in Michigan, perhaps due to environmental conditions that […]

Marasmius oreades

Kingdom: Fungi Phyla: Basidiomycota Class: Agaricomycetes Order: Agaricales Family: Marasmiaceae Genus: Marasmius Species: M. oreades (Bolton) Fr (1836) Description: Common name of this mushroom is “fairy ring mushroom” since it frequently fruits in ring patterns on grass and lawn places. An English naturalist James Bolton first described this mushroom in 1792. But then, Elias Magnus […]

Hebeloma crustuliniforme

This fungus is nick-named “poison pie” because despite its enticing appearance, it can cause sever gastrointestinal disturbances. This fungus can be mycorrhizal on both hardwoods and conifers, and is widely distributed in North America. The mushroom can fruit in late summer or fall. This specimen was found in mulch in the MSU horticulture gardens in […]

Piptoporus betulinus (Bull.) P. Karst

This fungus is commonly known as the birch polypore, from the growing on declining birch trees. Piptoporus betulinus is considered a parasite on living birch trees, but transitions to a saprophyte after the tree dies. Upon birch trees, you will find brown to grey spherical caps that are 10-25 cm in diameter and 2-6 cm […]

Scutellinia scutellata (Linnaeus) Lambotte

Taxonomic placement: Scutellinia scutellata (Ascomycota, Pezizomycetes, Pesizales, Pyronemataceae) is a saprobic cup fungus that grows on very wet wood that had already been colonized by other decomposers (Kuo & Methven, 2014). It enjoys a widespread distribution throughout North America (Arora; Kuo & Methven, 2014), but has also been reported from South America (Tabon, 1991), Africa […]

Xanthomendoza fallax – Hooded Sunburst Lichen

Xanthomendoza fallax (Hepp ex Arn.) Soechting, KSrnefelt & S. Kontratyuk. X. fallax is classified as: Ascomycota > Pezizomycotina >Lecanoromycetes > Lecanoromycetidae > Teloschistales > Teloschistaceae > Xanthomendoza > fallax X. fallax is characterized by the bird nest soralia, wich are formed when the upper and lower cortex split and separate. Crescent-shaped opening then explode the soredia […]

Lycoperdon pyriforme Schaeffer

Habitat and distribution: The stump puffball (Lycoperdon pyriforme) grows commonly throughout the global temperate zone and less frequently in the tropics ( it grows on rotting hardwoods and conifers, producing fruiting bodies from spring through fall (Kuo & Methven, 2014). I found this specimen on a fallen beech log in the Baker woodlot on the […]

Crucibulum laeve (Hudson) Kambly

The common bird’s nest fungus Crucibulum lavae (Basidiomycota, Agaricomycetes, Agaricales, Agaricaceae) is a common sighting on the MSU campus. It often grows on the woodchips that line flower beds all over campus, and are commonly found throughout the world in temperate and tropical climates. I found these specimens living on woodchips in a flower bed […]

Daldinia concentrica (Bolton) Ces. & De Not.

This fungus is a unique ascomycete, from its inconspicuous coal looking fruiting bodies. Yet these unassuming brown to black stroma are anything but unassuming. Instead they are a perennial structure that can grow up to 8 cm across (Figure 1). You will find these structures growing saprotrophically on dead or decomposing ash trees, which in […]

Hericium coralloides (Scopoli) Persoon

Habitat and distribution: The coral tooth fungus (Hericium coralloides), is common throughout the global temperate zone and less frequent in the tropics ( It grows on rotting hardwood (Arora, 1976), and produces fruiting bodies from late summer to fall (Kuo & Methven, 2014). I found this specimen on a fallen maple log in early October […]

Fusarium virguliforme

Primarily known as the causal agent of soybean sudden death (SDS) in the United States, Fusarium virguliforme (O’Donnell & Aoki) is an ascomycete fungus within the family Nectriaceae, that colonizes soybean roots during cool-wet spring. This fungus is persistent within the soil and produces necrosis symptoms in roots while colonizing to the xylem tissues, where […]

Galerina pumila (Pers.) M. Lange

Galerina pulmila, or Dwarf Bell, is a small inconspicuous brown mushroom, but it is important because it belongs to the Galerina genus, some of the deadliest mushrooms since they produce similar compounds to Aminitas or ‘death cap’ fungi. The saprobic fungus fruits primarily in the fall, in moist, mossy areas, or may fruit in lawns […]

Armillaria mellea (Vahl)P.Kumm

Armillaria mellea is a basidiomycete that is known as both a plant pathogen and as an edible, with the common name ‘honey mushroom.’ Description A. mellea produces honey colored mushrooms with an annulus near the base of the cap. The caps often are darker in the middle and fade out into a more classic honey […]

Yartsa gunbu (Ophiocordyceps sinensis) – Entomopathogen nicknamed Himalayan Viagra.

News: Himalayan locals sustainably cultivate natural aphrodisiac as Big Pharma seeks to cash in High up in the Himalayan mountains, hidden in the quiet pastures, grows a rare medicinal fungus. Nicknamed Himalayan Viagra, Yartsa gunbu (Ophiocordyceps sinensis) is harvested in early spring from the mummified bodies of caterpillars. When ghost moth caterpillars burrow into the ground, […]

Curvularia malina sp. nov causal agent of a new turfgrass disease

Recently, a strange ink spill looking turfgrass disease was reported in Science Daily. Warm season turfgrasses of bermudagrass and zoysiagrass were developing symptoms of black to chocolate brown spots, in 2-15 cm diameter patches on golf course putting greens, fairways and tee boxes. The initial symptoms manifest in the form of small purple black spots, […]

Coprinus comatus (O.F.Mull.) Pers.

Coprinus comatus is commonly known as shaggy mane or shaggy ink cap, and is frequently found growing as a saprophyte in home lawns, as well as disturbed locations during the fall. While this species is considered an inky cap from the breakdown of gills as the basidiocarp ages, it is placed within the family Agaricaeae. […]

Current Fungal Biology – Tripartite interactions in malarial dynamics

In a recent study by Angleró-Rodríguez et al. (2016) in the journal Science Reports showed that a tripartite interaction involving two microbes – the fungus Penicillium chrysogenum, and the protozoan Plasmodium falciparum – and the mosquito, Anopheles gambiae, leads to an increased susceptibility of the mosquito the the malaria parasite, P. falciparum, in the presence of the fungus. The fungus […]

Asterophora lycoperdoides (Bull.) Ditmar

Asterophora lycoperdoides (syn. Nyctalis asterophora) is an interesting fungus. It is a Basidiomycota that is part of the Lyophyllaceae family that parasitizes members of the Russula and Lactarius genus. It usually grows on the cap of the Russula but the basidocarps can also be found on gills of host as the host starts to decay. […]

Lobaria pulmonaria

Lobaria pulmonaria is a large, bright green, leaf-like lichen. It is commonly referred to by many different names including lungwort, lung lichen, or lung moss. It gets the name “lung” because it’s lobe like voluminous appearance resembles lung tissue. Lobaria pulmonaria is described as a large, usually broad-lobed foliose lichen. Lobes are 8-30mm wide and […]

Grey Reindeer Lichen

Cladonia rangiferina is also known as grey reindeer lichen belonging to the Cladoniaceae family. The thallus is prostrate and squamulose. The secondary thallus (podetium) is more conspicuous, being upright and fruticose. Fruticose forms are three-dimensional and have been described as shrubby and stringy. Podetia are hollow, higlybranched, and capable of trapping wind-blown algae. They grow upward […]

Usnea arizonica

The western bushy beard lichen, Usnea arizonica Motyka is a striking yellow-green foliose lichen that is easily recognizable by its long branches (3-10 cm long) adorned by short, thin, perpendicular spines. The thallus is also frequently decorated at the branch tips by large (3-10mm), conspicuous, saucer-shaped apothecia that bear spines on the margins. The branches […]

Laetiporus sulphureus

  Laetiporus sulphureus Also known as ‘chicken of the woods,’ Laetiporus sulphureus is a fungus that commonly produces a shelf-like fruiting body on decaying wood in the early Fall, though it may also be found grow on living trees or apparently from the ground where it can grows on buried wood or roots. As it can […]

Grifola frondosa

Grifola frondosa Grifola frondosa (Dicks.) Gray, is fungal species that produces mushroom fruiting bodies in autumn as temperatures begin to drop at night and fall rains arrive (Sept-Oct).  This species is a polypore and belongs to the family Polyporaceae. These mushrooms are found at the base of of living oaks, and sometimes decaying wood. These […]